Dialectical materialism

Dialectical materialism
   Representing the influence of Friedrich Engels and in particular his book Anti-Dühring (1878), dialectical materialism became the dominant Marxist philosophy in the Second International and official ideology in the Soviet Union. A term probably first used by Georgii Plekhanov, dialectical materialism combined the dialectical approach of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel with philosophical materialism. The materialist aspect of dialectical materialism consists in the tenets that: the material world exists independently of our perception of it or of any thought, mind or spirit; the material world is basic or has primacy over the ideal, mental or spiritual world; and the sole reality is the natural world. The dialectical aspect is contained in Engels’ three laws and can be summed up as asserting that the world is characterized by constant change, including revolutionary change, and by the presence of contradictory tendencies and entities that drive forward the changes. As a philosophy dialectical materialism, or “diamat” as it was called for short, tended to the dogmatic and to be both reductionist and deterministic suggesting a mono–causal approach to understanding society and the world. With the general ossification of philosophy in the Soviet Union from Josef Stalin onwards, dialectical materialism failed to develop and found little favor elsewhere. See also DIALECTICS.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dialectical materialism — dialectical materialist. a form of materialism, developed chiefly by Karl Marx, noted esp. for the application of the Hegelian dialectic in its philosophy of history. [1925 30] * * * Philosophical approach expressed through the writings of Karl… …   Universalium

  • dialectical materialism — n. the philosophy stemming from Marx and Engels which applies Hegel s dialectical method to observable social processes and to nature …   English World dictionary

  • Dialectical materialism — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • Dialectical materialism — the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to exist is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions. • Christian materialism the philosophical… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • dialectical materialism — The dominant philosophical strain of Marxism, combining materialism as an embracing philosophy of nature and science, with the Hegelian notion of dialectic as a historical force, driving events onwards towards a progressive resolution of the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • dialectical materialism — noun the materialistic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels • Hypernyms: ↑materialism, ↑physicalism * * * diaˌlectical maˈterialism 7 [dialectical materialism] noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dialectical materialism — materialism, dialectical …   Dictionary of sociology

  • dialectical materialism — materialism, dialectical …   Dictionary of sociology

  • dialectical materialism — noun Date: 1927 the Marxist theory that maintains the material basis of a reality constantly changing in a dialectical process and the priority of matter over mind compare historical materialism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dialectical materialism — Synonyms and related words: Bolshevism, Castroism, Communist Information Bureau, Communist Party, Maoism, Marxian socialism, Marxism, Marxism Leninism, Stalinism, Titoism, Trotskyism, animalism, atomism, behaviorism, commonsense realism,… …   Moby Thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”